Personal meaning « Personal service » means that someone – NOT a party to the case – must personally hand over the court documents to the other party. The two most common defendants in disputes are individuals and commercial entities (companies, limited liability companies). Below is an overview of how these types of defendants can be served. Note that if you are trying to serve the state or local government agency, insurance company, or non-state entity, it is a good idea to contact an attorney at the Carolinas Law Firm to ensure proper service. Service by publication « Service by publication » means that you publish the subpoena and complaint in a newspaper with general circulation in the area where the other party is likely to be located. You must ask the court for permission to do so. It is usually used when you do not know how to find the other site and you do not have an address or place of work for it. a) Notwithstanding any other legal requirement, each person has access to a gated community. for the purpose of legally serving the process, upon identification of the person(s) to be served by the security guard, and upon presentation of a current driver`s license or other identification and any of the following: (1) a badge [applies to sheriffs and marshals] (2) proof of current registration as a process server. b) This section applies only to a gated community that is at the time of delivery of the process by one security guard or another. Staff responsible for controlling access.
The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prescribes « due process » when an interest is invoked against a person`s « life, liberty, or property. » State constitutions have adopted this law and passed « trial service » laws that list the methods that must be used to deliver legal documents to defendants. When faced with legal action, some people will go to great lengths to avoid being served with legal documents because they think they will avoid the consequences of prosecuting them. This is simply not true. It is important to understand that avoiding the delivery of legal documents will not make the arguments against you disappear and could have negative consequences. Before the court gives you permission to serve by publication, you must prove to the court that you tried as much as possible to find the other party. Each court is slightly different in what it requests, but most require at least that you try to find the other party at their last known address or job, send letters to the last known address with the requested forwarding address, call friends and family or ex-colleagues of the other party to ask where they are, Look for the other page of the phone book for each city he or she is likely to be in and search the internet. To find out exactly what your court requires of you before asking permission to provide the service by publishing, read your court`s local rules or ask your clerk or self-help center. Most jurisdictions require or allow a case to be served by a court official such as a sheriff, marshal, gendarme or bailiff. There may be licensing requirements for private process servers, as is the case in New York, Alaska, Arizona, California, Georgia, Illinois, Montana, Nevada, and Oklahoma. Arizona process servers must apply for certification from the Superior Court clerk of the county where they reside (with residents only). Non-resident applicants can apply in any county.
Candidates must pass a written examination, a federal and state criminal record examination, and be approved by the presiding judge or his commissioner. Candidates who renew their certification must present certificates of participation in recognized training for a total of thirty hours (ten hours per year). Texas process servers are currently certified by Order of the Texas Supreme Court and are regulated by the Process Server Review Board, which is made up of industry members authorized by the Supreme Court. The law states that if you sue a person, partnership, company or government, you must formally inform the other party that you have commenced legal proceedings. In the same way, if you are already involved in a case and you file documents with the court, you are required to inform the other party of the documents you have submitted. The legal way to give a formal notice is to have the other party « give » a copy of the documents you submitted to the court. It is universal that the laws of service of the procedure must follow the laws that apply to the court pronouncing the procedure. Distortion or confusion occurs in many jurisdictions where service is effected. In Florida, for example, process servers seem to indicate that Florida laws apply to all process deliveries made within Florida.  In this reference, section 48.195 implies authorization for Florida process servers to operate third-party processes. This was added to allow sheriffs to serve foreign processes under restrictions, as provided in the section, but it does not and cannot provide exclusivity for state-approved licensed process servers for foreign processes.
This interpretation, as widespread and beneficial as it is for Florida`s process servers, is wrong. (1) By giving a copy of the subpoena and complaint directly to the person, or by leaving copies of the subpoena and complaint at the defendant`s home to a person of « reasonable and discretionary age » who also resides on the property. Note: This means that documents can be left at home with the defendant`s spouse, parent, siblings or roommate as long as that person also lives there. However, it cannot be left in the defendant`s house when a minor or visitor passes by. .